COVID – 19 (Corona virus) has totally changed the lifestyle of all of us from infants to old age. Lack of physical activity and outdoor activities is a major problem in this pandemic. Lack of Outdoor activities means lack of sun exposure and it may result in Vitamin D deficiency, as we all know that Sun light is the major natural source of vitamin D.
Vitamin D deficiency leads to decreased calcium absorption in the intestine and from gut, leads to calcium deficiency. Vitamin D and calcium deficiency in the body for long duration may lead to Rickets in children and Osteomalacia / Osteoporosis in adults. In India Nutritional rickets in children is a major health burden especially in urban slums. Rickets in children may lead to developmental deformities like:-
- Bow legs / Knock Knees
- Pigeon chest
- Fragile bone / easy to fracture
- Growth pain
- Poor dentition
- Short stature
Nutritional Rickets is very easy to prevent and treat. Parents should ask children to increase their physical activities and ask them to take good nutrition (High Protein and Calcium diet)
Sources of calcium include:
- Milk and other dairy products like Paneer, Cheese, etc
- Green vegetables like Broccoli, Cabbage, Brinjal
- Fruits like orange, Kiwi, Mulberries, Blueberries, Banana
- Tofu, Soya beans, Pulses
- All kind of nuts
- Eggs/ Non veg etc
Regular intake of Vitamin D and calcium is also recommended (On doctor’s advice). For Infants (new born to 12 months of age) Paediatricians recommend daily dose of 400 IU of vitamin D as preventive measure.
Dr Nargesh Agrawal is a renowned Paediatric orthopaedic Surgeon specialized in clubfoot treatment. He has eight years of experience in Paediatric orthopaedics. He has treated more than 600 cases of clubfoot till now and has many published research papers on clubfoot to his credit.
For any queries contact on [email protected] , www.childorthocare.com, www.clubfoottreatment.co.in. Whatsapp and call on +91-9899930767